Detect Fake News

Detect-Fake-News

Fake News :-

Understand the Terms of Fake News:-

  • Misinformation : Information that is false, but the person who is disseminating it believes that it is true.
  • Disinformation :Information that is false, and the person who is disseminating it knows it is false. It is deliberate, intentional

Types of Fake News as per First Draft:-

  • False Connection : When headlines, visuals or captions don’t support the content.
  • False Context : When genuine content is shared with false contextual information.
  • Manipulated Content : When genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive
  • Satire or Parody : No Intention to cause harm but has potential to fool.
  • Imposter Content : When genuine sources are impersonated.
  • Fabricated Content : Content that is 100% False designed to deceive and do harm.
  • Propaganda : When content is used to manage attitudes, values and knowledge.
  • Sponsored Content : Advertising or PR disguised as editorial content.

How to Filter the Fake News on Social Media & Internet:-

  • Source : Consider the source from reputed new channel or newspaper only, do not rely on forwarded messages. on social media.
  • Website URL : Check if its legitimate i.e. (gov.in for government, .edu for education etc.)
  • Author : Take a minute to check who’s the Author and his credibility in the past. Fake ones do not have their names and signature.
  • Headline : Red beyond headline, meaning read the entire article to understand the viewpoint and tone of the message or article.
  • Disregard your bias : Many people watch news or stories that confirm their own beliefs or biases and fake news can prey on these biases.
  • Get a Second Opinion : If a story makes you angry, dig deeper, consult a known contact or consult fact checking agencies like www.factly.com

Few Fake News During Difficulty Times – COVID19:-

  • An image of a city in Italy with several dead bodies.
  • Jio lifetime free recharge for Rs.498/-
  • Images of several people lying on the ground screaming for help.
  • There’s a cure for Novel Corona virus mentioned in a book by Dr. Ramesh Gupta.
  • Dr. Naresh Trehan from Vedanta Hospital has appealed for national emergency.
  • Image of a doctor couple who treated 134 patients before succumbing to the virus.
  • Russia has unleashed 500 lions on the road to keep people indoors.
  • Images of coffins lined up in Italy.
  • Swans swimming Venice
  • Graphical representation of COVID19 current patient statistics
  • State Board Intermediate 7th Class Biology book already has the corona virus information
  • Fake Excise Office letter claiming Liquor shops are open during COVID19 lockdown period
  • Ambulances carrying patients edited and shown as COVID19 effected patients – Got Arrested
  • Anti NRC / CAA clip forwarded as current happening in Hyderabad – Got Arrested
  • Social Media Posting saying their friends have got affected with Corona Virus – Got Arrested

What to do as an Individual about Fake News in difficult Times of COVID19:-

  • Do a google reverse image check or use www.tineye.com for photo verification
  • For video verification you may use YouTube Data viewer, https://citizenevidence.amnestyusa.org YouTube Data viewer or download the InVid browser extension, http://www.invid-project.eu/toolsand-services/invid-verification-plugin
  • For regular updates on COVID19 you may navigate to www.who.int or for government website, having an extension. (. gov.in)
  • Consider the age of the websites displaying content related to COVID19
  • Be aware of the Deep Fakes also known as Face Swap Videos
  • Only interact with emails from known senders. Check the link of an embedded URL by hovering the cursor over the link. Use caution when interacting with email attachments.
  • Be wary of third-party sources spreading information about COVID-19. Refer to official healthcare organisations or government websites for updates on COVID-19.
  • Report suspicious emails and computer activity to the appropriate department or party for further investigation.

Conclusion:

  • Fact Check before forwarding i.e. www.factly.com (India’s Best Fact Checking Organisation)
  • Don’t forward any content that You Don’t Own.
  • Forward content only from www.who.int or a government websites, having an extension. (.gov.in) related to COVID19.
  • Originating or Forwarding a fake message in COVID19 difficult times, could get you behind bars for more than year through, Section 54 National Disaster Management Act 2005
  • Don’t click or any unknown emails / attachments / links / maps, mentioning COVID19 – Scammers are using Phishing Tactics in the name of Charity, Help Desks, Maps & Selling Masks, just to steel your identity or money from you.
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