Fake News :-
Understand the Terms of Fake News:-
- Misinformation : Information that is false, but the person who is disseminating it believes that it is true.
- Disinformation :Information that is false, and the person who is disseminating it knows it is false. It is deliberate, intentional
Types of Fake News as per First Draft:-
- False Connection : When headlines, visuals or captions don’t support the content.
- False Context : When genuine content is shared with false contextual information.
- Manipulated Content : When genuine information or imagery is manipulated to deceive
- Satire or Parody : No Intention to cause harm but has potential to fool.
- Imposter Content : When genuine sources are impersonated.
- Fabricated Content : Content that is 100% False designed to deceive and do harm.
- Propaganda : When content is used to manage attitudes, values and knowledge.
- Sponsored Content : Advertising or PR disguised as editorial content.
How to Filter the Fake News on Social Media & Internet:-
- Source : Consider the source from reputed new channel or newspaper only, do not rely on forwarded messages. on social media.
- Website URL : Check if its legitimate i.e. (gov.in for government, .edu for education etc.)
- Author : Take a minute to check who’s the Author and his credibility in the past. Fake ones do not have their names and signature.
- Headline : Red beyond headline, meaning read the entire article to understand the viewpoint and tone of the message or article.
- Disregard your bias : Many people watch news or stories that confirm their own beliefs or biases and fake news can prey on these biases.
- Get a Second Opinion : If a story makes you angry, dig deeper, consult a known contact or consult fact checking agencies like www.factly.com
Few Fake News During Difficulty Times – COVID19:-
- An image of a city in Italy with several dead bodies.
- Jio lifetime free recharge for Rs.498/-
- Images of several people lying on the ground screaming for help.
- There’s a cure for Novel Corona virus mentioned in a book by Dr. Ramesh Gupta.
- Dr. Naresh Trehan from Vedanta Hospital has appealed for national emergency.
- Image of a doctor couple who treated 134 patients before succumbing to the virus.
- Russia has unleashed 500 lions on the road to keep people indoors.
- Images of coffins lined up in Italy.
- Swans swimming Venice
- Graphical representation of COVID19 current patient statistics
- State Board Intermediate 7th Class Biology book already has the corona virus information
- Fake Excise Office letter claiming Liquor shops are open during COVID19 lockdown period
- Ambulances carrying patients edited and shown as COVID19 effected patients – Got Arrested
- Anti NRC / CAA clip forwarded as current happening in Hyderabad – Got Arrested
- Social Media Posting saying their friends have got affected with Corona Virus – Got Arrested
What to do as an Individual about Fake News in difficult Times of COVID19:-
- Do a google reverse image check or use www.tineye.com for photo verification
- For video verification you may use YouTube Data viewer, https://citizenevidence.amnestyusa.org YouTube Data viewer or download the InVid browser extension, http://www.invid-project.eu/toolsand-services/invid-verification-plugin
- For regular updates on COVID19 you may navigate to www.who.int or for government website, having an extension. (. gov.in)
- Consider the age of the websites displaying content related to COVID19
- Be aware of the Deep Fakes also known as Face Swap Videos
- Only interact with emails from known senders. Check the link of an embedded URL by hovering the cursor over the link. Use caution when interacting with email attachments.
- Be wary of third-party sources spreading information about COVID-19. Refer to official healthcare organisations or government websites for updates on COVID-19.
- Report suspicious emails and computer activity to the appropriate department or party for further investigation.
- Fact Check before forwarding i.e. www.factly.com (India’s Best Fact Checking Organisation)
- Don’t forward any content that You Don’t Own.
- Forward content only from www.who.int or a government websites, having an extension. (.gov.in) related to COVID19.
- Originating or Forwarding a fake message in COVID19 difficult times, could get you behind bars for more than year through, Section 54 National Disaster Management Act 2005
- Don’t click or any unknown emails / attachments / links / maps, mentioning COVID19 – Scammers are using Phishing Tactics in the name of Charity, Help Desks, Maps & Selling Masks, just to steel your identity or money from you.